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Smoking Cessation Research with Homeless Adults                 

Posting expires on 12/31/2017

Research Site:
Minneapolis and St Paul homeless shelters

Type of Research:
Other

Department:
Family Medicine and Community Health

This opportunity does not have a stipend.

Description:
Power to Quit II Community-Based Clinical Trail
Enhancing Smoking Cessation in Homeless Populations

Power to Quit II is the second phase of a research study being conducted by the Program in Health Disparities Research in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. Results from phase one showed that a significant number of study participants who quit or reduced their smoking also reported quitting or reducing their alcohol consumption. This phase is combining intensive smoking and alcohol cessation counseling using motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy counseling to determine if addressing alcohol use in combination with smoking cessation is an effective strategy to assist homeless adults to quit smoking. The study period is 26 weeks

Overall, the prevalence of smoking in the United States has declined, but smoking rates are much higher among homeless adults, upwards of 70%. Homeless smokers also have a higher rate of alcohol and drug use which make quitting smoking more difficult and increases the health consequences of smoking. However, most smoking cessation research excludes homeless adults leaving very little knowledge about effective methods to reduce smoking in this vulnerable population.

The study is conducted in homeless shelters in Minneapolis and St Paul and occasionally in social service training and outreach centers serving homeless communities. Interested individuals complete an eligibility survey to determine if they meet the study criteria. Participants are enrolled for a 26 week period and are randomized to the intensive counseling arm or the control arm. Those randomized to the counseling arm receive ten counseling sessions over the initial 12 weeks. All participants complete a weekly survey for the first 12 weeks of the study and then every other week until completion at week 26. Surveys take 30-45 minutes to complete depending on the week and participants receive gift incentives and gift cards as compensation for their time.

Volunteers will train with the study team to recruit, enroll, and retain participants. Tasks include administering eligibility and weekly surveys, enroll participants, take biologic samples, schedule study visits, make follow-up retention phone calls, enter data into the study's REDCap database, complete study paperwork, and otherwise assist the study team in its day to day activities. Volunteers will need to complete HIPAA training and CITI Clinical Trials and Good Clinical Practices training and will be asked to commit to a three month period due to the length of the training required. Interested individuals should be comfortable working with and non-judgmental in interacting with homeless men and women in homeless shelters. Experience with vulnerable populations is a plus but not necessary.

To apply or inquire for more information, contact
Cathy Strobel-Ayres
cstrobel@umn.edu or
612-624-7984

Posted on 04/19/2017